Chihuahua is een staat in het noorden van Mexico. This provision began to govern from 1 January 1912, and since then, each municipality is administered by a popularly elected municipality, without any dependence on the others, whose presidents are directly understood with the governor of the state, there should be no intermediate authority among them. List of municipal presidents of Chihuahua, "Presenta Eugenio Baeza Fares su libro '104 días, ni muchos ni pocos, "Reprueba Garfio guerra sucia, investigará a funcionarios municipales", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Municipal_president_of_Chihuahua&oldid=944417343, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 March 2020, at 18:55. There are three country clubs in the city: San Francisco Country Club, Campestre Chihuahua and Altozano. Mayor José Reyes Ferriz, who regularly Since the city serves as the municipal seat and is home to the vast majority of the municipality's population, the position of municipal president is frequently identified with the city, rather than the municipality. Met een oppervlakte van 244.938 km² is het de grootste staat van Mexico. The City Hall of Chihuahua is an early 20th century building in the city of Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Mexico.Located in front of the Plaza de Armas and the Cathedral, the City Hall houses the executive power of Chihuahua, the office of the mayor of Chihuahua, and … With a celebration of the "Scream of Independence", it lasted until May 27, 1904 when it was destroyed by fire. At the end of 1915, the villist regime in the capital ended. The fire was stifled shortly after six o't, thanks to the coordinated action of the firefighters of Chihuahua, Delicias, Camargo, Parral, Cuauhtémoc, Aldama and Ciudad Juárez. The archeological site of Paquime and the one known as 40 Casas or forty houses, are two of the few traces remaining from these cultures and which represent the most valuable pre-Spanish legacy in the north of Mexico. , The system of avenues and main streets in the city is being constantly revamped, with the construction of new roads and bridges to handle the ever-increasing traffic. Until the establishment of foreign manufacturing plants in the 1970s, the city was largely a trade post for cattle and agricultural products. On 12 October 1864, the head of the Federal Executive Power, Mr. Benito Juárez, arrived in the city on the occasion of the events of the French intervention and the empire. Even though Chihuahua suffered a massive destruction of colonial buildings during the 1970s in order to widen the main streets and avenues in the downtown, it stills preserves some valuable monuments from the 19th and 20th centuries. He retired to Aldama, gathered the national guard under the command of Colonel José Esteban crowned and the next 19 recaptured the capital. He was appointed after Enrique Serrano resigned to run for governor of Chihuahua… The "Coronado Theatre" opens, which was in ojinaga street and also disappeared from a fire.  while the metropolitan area had a population of 1,036,806 inhabitants. Then elegant houses appeared, some with wooden floors worked with rich woods brought from the mountains; these houses had orchards with fruit trees and vegetables, chicken coops and smaller cattle. In December 2015, Eugenio Baeza Fares assumed office as mayor of the City of Chihuahua, after Javier Garfio Pacheco requested licence to pursue the possibility to become the candidate for the political party PRI to Governor of the State of Chihuahua. Andere steden … There is a large central depot for intercity buses in the south side of the city serving as a hub for the county's main bus companies as well as regional, state, and international bus companies. Chihuahua, Mexico. Coloured wood shavings in the shape of the city logo are displayed for the Day of the Dead celebration. Most U.S. franchise restaurants and fast-food establishments will be found in Chihuahua, mostly on the Periferico de la Juventud, north of downtown on Universidad Avenue, or on Libertad Street Pedestrian Way in the downtown, and are patronised by the city's youth and young professionals. On June 2, 1876, Colonel Angel Trías rebelled in favor of the Tuxtepec Plan, seize the capital and take the constitutional governor, Lic. Municipality of Chihuahua. This airport is 18 km from the center of Chihuahua, Mexico. During the French invasion and the Second Empire, which ended with the execution of the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian in 1867, the constitutional president, Benito Juárez García traveled the country, searching for support wherever he could. The state capital was the center of operations of the Northern Division. During the War of Independence, the city saw little action. EL PASO, Texas (Border Report) – Some of its leaders refer to Chihuahua as “a little United States,” with people from all over Mexico coming to work on its fruit, vegetable and animal feed farms in the south and its manufacturing plants on the border.  July 1973 is the record wettest month, with 242.5 millimetres (10 in). Colonial Aqueduct-lengths still exist of this monument which was built to transport water from mountain springs to the villa. Except for mining, industrial activity had not been a substance in the local economy, but from 1947, with the opening of Cementos de Chihuahua, a significant change was initiated in the industry, which was accentuated in 1960 with the establishment of maquiladoras export in the cities of Juarez and Tijuana first, and then in Chihuahua. On May 5, 1862, Don Mariano Sáenz built at his expense the first building specifically intended for theater, was called "Teatro de Zaragoza", was located in the street of La Libertad, near the current Plaza de Merino and premiered with the play "Los French in Mexico." Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (normals and extremes 1981–2000), Source 2: Colegio de Postgraduados (snowy days, 1951–1980).  For a single day the record rainfall is 89.0 millimetres (4 in) on August 24, 1966. The turnout of registered voters, at about 41%, was the lowest in years. Occasionally, temperatures can exceed 26 °C (78.8 °F) while cold fronts can push it below −10 °C (14.0 °F). To the far east and south is General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport and the highway to the US-Mexican border crossing at Presidio, Texas and Ojinaga, Chihuahua. Execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla depicted in a mural by Aarón Piña Mora in the Government Palace of Chihuahua. De hoofdstad van Chihuahua is Chihuahua.  Snowfall is somewhat uncommon in the city, normally with 2 snowfalls a year, although the surrounding area may receive three or four snowfalls. Particularly noteworthy are the murals in the Government Palace and the Paraninfo, or University Auditorium (in the Literary and Scientific Institute building) both depicting the history of the State of Chihuahua, and both fronting  The name itself is older than the Spanish conquest of Mexico. The name itself is older than the Spanish conquest of Mexico. From 1920 onwards the reconstruction of the economy began, re-emerging some important factories of the porphyriate era that had closed on the occasion of the revolution. For the defense of Chihuahua, the Battle of Sacramento, on February 28, 1847, was enlisted with the invaders, with the full defeat of Mexican forces dispersed, the state government moved to Parral and March 1 the U.S. military occupied the city. Mayor Cesar Carrasco of Ojinaga, Chihuahua, Mexico expresses is displeasure with the U.S. Border Patrol program that sends Mexican nationals caught in the United States back through his border city.... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images It has a population of a little under a million and you can definitely tell that this is a small place when you’re wandering around. , The city of Chihuahua has achieved several advances in human and social development. They began to be used in public offices in 1891, during the local administration of Colonel Lauro Carrillo. Francisco I. Madero, visits for the second time the city, having made the trip expressly to invite the Chihuahuenses revolutionary chiefs Abraham González, Pascual Orozco, José de la Luz Blanco, José de la Luz Soto, Máximo Castillo and others, to accompany at the event of their protest as the holder of the Federal Executive. Flag .  After Garfio lost his bid for Governor Candidate, he returned and ended his period as mayor. The mayor's authority includes the state capital, the city of Chihuahua, Chih. The facilities were made in the Municipal Palace and the antennae were placed in the towers of the cathedral. Originally settled in the 16th century and officially founded in 1709, Chihuahua  However, it is not as hot as most of the lower elevated portions of the desert to the east owing to an altitude of almost 1,500 metres (4,900 feet) above sea level. The municipal seat is the city of Chihuahua which is also the capital of Chihuahua State. The city serves as an alternative destination for maquiladora operators who require quick access to the border but wish to avoid both the higher costs and higher turnover rates of employment of the immediate border area. 4 Jan 2021 - 5 Jan 2021. For this reason, the expressed general issued a decree authorizing himself to assume the management of public business in the territory dominated by his forces and created three departments of state for their attention, namely the Relationships Ministry, Government and Communications, and Treasury and Development. As of January 2020, the city's mayor is Jorge Alfredo Lozoya Santillán, while the current city clerk is Francisco Adrián Sánchez Villegas.  This report also ranks Chihuahua as the most Socially Competitive city in the country..  Humidity is also higher during this time, averaging 53%.. Mr. Betancourt built it. On March 25, 1866, a battle was set in the Plaza de Armas, the French imperialists were quartered in the Cathedral and General Terrazas was moving through Victoria and Independence streets, it was practically impossible to enter the cathedral, until it was decided that it would be cannoned and from Coronado and Ocampo streets they did, the 8 kg bullet. Of all interior (non-border) locations in Mexico, Chihuahua has the largest maquiladora presence in Mexico. The Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua, known as ITCH, was the first technology institute in Mexico. Such was the case for the brewing industry, foundries, flours and textiles, where machinery driven by steam, electric power or gasoline was worked on, which continued with an advanced technological level. When we speak of Chihuahua, we understand that it is one of the 32 federal entities that congregate the United Mexican States. His deputy, Lic. Forty-four percent of Chihuahua's workers are employed in commerce and services, while a little over a third of the workforce is employed in mining and industry. In 1946, the Reforma Market was set on fire, during the municipal administration presided over by Mr. Alberto de la Peña Borja. In the early years of the twentieth century, in Chihuahua there was more foreign investment in non-railway enterprises than in any other region of the country, which allowed foreigners to infiltrate at all levels of local social and economic. The Semilla Museo Centro de Ciencia y Tecnología, or Seed Centre Museum of Science and Technology, on Teofilo Borunda and Lisboa in the downtown, is a creative learning centre and interactive science museum for children. We have reviews of the best places to see in Chihuahua. The growth of the Real de Minas, driven by mines and activity of the surrounding farms continued during the colony; because of this on October 1, 1718, it stands at the Royal of San Francisco de Cuéllar in Villa, with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua'; Saint Philip in honor of the king Felipe V of Spain and being used for the first time the name of Chihuahua. 'Revolutionary's This article incorporates information from the Spanish Wikipedia. The Cerro Grande has a monumental cross that is lighted each Christmas. Where do you want to stay? However, it was in Chihuahua where Miguel Hidalgo, considered the Father of the Country, was held prisoner in the Federal Palace of Chihuahua and executed in 1811 at the nearby Government Palace by the Spaniards. Many sites and memories remain of the Revolutionary era; the most important of these is the Historical Museum of the Mexican Revolution at Villa's former estate house near downtown Chihuahua. The primary function of the colonias range between residential, commercial, industrial, and educational. The city's government, in cooperation with the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, has started construction for two more central bus lines running the length of the Periférico de la Juventud and the Avenida 20 de Noviembre/Avenida Flores Magon, with several more stations that will be completed in 2019. As in other parts of northern Mexico, the peregrinos Catholicism greatly influenced the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for pilgrims on their way to "La Sierra", a mountainous region in which the indigenous people had not yet converted to Catholicism. From this year the landscape of industrial boom began to blur, presenting the first signs of the economic and social crisis that was exacerbated in 1910, on the occasion of the first revolutionary outbursts. In 2002, Mayor Jorge Barousse Moreno from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) died and was succeeded by Alejandro Cano Ricaud. The town was erected a Vill… During the 1990s the city grew dramatically economically, becoming the third wealthiest municipality (per capita) in the republic, after Benito Juárez borough of the Federal District (Mexico City), and San Pedro Garza García in Nuevo León. It is the country's second largest silver producer after Zacatecas. About 200,000 people living in ten surrounding colonies were evacuated and the area was cordoned off by the Army and police forces. Governance and Society in Colonial Mexico: Chihuahua in the Eighteenth Century. The city is served by the General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport. The city was more involved during the Mexican Revolution (1910–1917), for it became at times the operations base for the División del Norte, the army led by Pancho Villa. Chihuahua prosecutors launched an investigation into the ex-governor and dozens of former officials after a 2018 audit revealed a series of … Guadalupe is at the centre of a wave of violence involving rival gangs smuggling drugs to the US. On March 24, 1883, the first telephone communication of two populations was established, were Chihuahua and Aldama. Silver, lead, and zinc are produced at the Naica mine. He was from PAN or National Action Party. Antonio Ochoa, prisoner.  During this time of the year, the climate is dry, with an average humidity around 46% and many days are sunny, averaging 15–18 clear days. Published in the 21st century.  Chihuahua averages 3,081 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 217 hours in December (about 7 hours of sunshine per day) to a high of 305 hours in May (about 9.8 hours of sunshine per day).. Usually, these months have warm days, averaging 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 28 °C (82.4 °F) and cool nights (around 5 °C (41.0 °F) to 11 °C (51.8 °F)). Some fifty years later, in 1707, more wealthy mining discoveries were made, leading to the immediate population of Santa Eulalia and its prosperity. Some of these tribes include the Tarahumara (Raramuri), Apache, Comanche and Guarojío. The mayor's authority includes the state capital, the city of Chihuahua, Chih.  In 2018, the city government announced plans to provide free Wifi to all 44 stations, as part of an initiative to make Internet access more equitable. Coat of arms. Grupo Mexico operates two lead zinc mines, which both produce silver as a … The predominant activity is industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production, and to a smaller extent maquiladoras. 31 August 2010: Héctor Murguía Lardizábal, the Mayor of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, presides over what has been described as ‘the most violent city on Earth’. The mayor of a small town in the state of Chihuahua in northern Mexico was found shot dead Tuesday, apparently among the latest victims in the fight against organized crime in the region.  Notable people from Parral [ edit ]  U.S. Citizens with emergencies, please call (55) 8526 2561. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Chihuahua is one of the 67 municipalities of Chihuahua, in northern Mexico. Another report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico City. Chihuahua is also the starting point for the Chihuahua–Pacific Railroad with a terminus in Los Mochis, Sinaloa, and is also served by Ferromex, a private Mexican railroad. A former mayor from northern Mexico's Chihuahua state was arrested Thursday for "complicity" in the 2017 murder of journalist Miroslava Breach, authorities said. Mayors in Mexico - with the exception of the Mayor of Mexico City, who has a six-year term - are elected for one three-year term and cannot be re-elected. The growing construction industry is creating many new fraccionamientos in order to try to solve the overwhelming demand for new homes in the city, extending them at an ever-increasing rate every year. La Plaza Mayor en Chihuahua es un espacio cívico que se construyó en 6,314 metros cuadrados, y es el sitio al que cada fin de semana asisten cientos de visitantes para pasear con sus familias o amigos. The murder of Aristoteles Sandoval came one day after authorities arrested Hugo Amed Shultz, the former mayor of Chinipas in northern Mexico’s Chihuahua state, for “complicity” in the 2017 murder of journalist Miroslava Breach. The bell was declared by the city hall historical monument and still today can be seen inside Cathedral. Manufactures include automobile parts and accessories, textiles, electronics, plastics, and medical products. The city had a serious problem with property crime, especially theft and graffiti by taggers. On 30 and 31 October 1911, the President-elect of the Republic. Ten noorden grenst de staat aan de Verenigde Staten, een deel van die grens wordt gevormd door de Río Bravo. The bishop was Don Adalberto Almeida and Merino and threatened not to officiate Mass due to the alleged electoral fraud. On July 6, 1983, for the first time the National Action Party, with Luis H. Alvarez, won the elections for the Chihuahua City Council. The city's most important feature is its collection of industrial zones, in which foreign companies have manufacturing facilities, called maquiladoras, which employ thousands of people. This light industry also requires professionals, both for manufacturing and for management; this training is provided by universities such as the Universidád Autónoma de Chihuahua, the Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua and Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua II. Control of the region means access to drug smuggling routes into Southern New Mexico and Southeast Arizona. Chihuahua, city, capital of Chihuahua estado (state), northern Mexico. However, the official inauguration was on 1 June 1892 by the same governor. On December 27, 1988, the Pope appointed Archbishop José Fernández Arteaga, Coadjutor Archbishop of Chihuahua with the right to succession. De staat grenst aan Sonora en Sinaloa in het westen, aan Durango in het zuiden en aan Coahuila in het oosten. Winters are mild with an average daytime temperature of 18.1 °C (64.6 °F) and an average minimum temperature of 2 °C (35.6 °F) in January, the coldest month.  The days are still warm to hot in July and August, though slightly cooler due to the presence of the rain, with an average high of 30 °C (86.0 °F). Consul General Darnell with Chihuahua Mayor October 14, 2015 – The U.S. Consul General in Ciudad Juarez Daria L. Darnell paid a courtesy visit to city of Chihuahua Mayor Javier Garfio Pacheco.  Metrobus Chihuahua payment has been upgraded to be charged electronically through special swipe cards sold at each station. The next day he received the report of the governor of the state, General Manuel Chao, on the state of the public administration and the following March 3 he moved to the city of Torreón. Edwina Antonia Clark (2003). The angel has a sword with a laser light at the tip, and is capable of rotating 360° over its axis. During the presidency of Porfirio Díaz the city experienced explosive growth and became one of the most important cities in Mexico. Chihuahua has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:. Chihuahua public health officials reported Sunday morning that the state had 16 deaths and 348 new confirmed cases in the last 24 hours. It remained until August 5, 1865, when it took the northern way; returned to the capital on 20 November and returned to the border on 9 December. If you need to book a flight, search for the nearest airport to Chihuahua, Mexico. JUÁREZ, Mexico — The mayor of Juárez made an urgent plea for help from the Mexican government, asking for medical supplies and to consider banning U.S. citizens from crossing the border. For much of the 18th century, Chihuahua served as the de facto capital of Nueva Vizcaya because most governors preferred to reside there rather than in Durango, the capital of the province at that time.. The major native groups that occupied the area include the Tarahumaras, Tepehuanes, Tubas, Jumiles, Pimas, Conchos, Salineros, Guarijios and Chisos. Left to right by row, from top to bottom: Chihuahua cityscape featuring Cerro Grande, the Angel of Liberty monument, Quinta Gameros University Cultural Center, General Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Historical Museum of the Mexican Revolution, List of tallest buildings in Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Roberto Fierro Villalobos International Airport, Secretariat of Communications and Transportation, "Constitución Política del Estado Libre y Soberano de Chihuahua", "Rinde protesta Eugenio Baeza como alcalde de Chihuahua", "Regresa Garfio a la alcaldía de Chihuahua", https://web.archive.org/web/20131202235702/http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/EMM08chihuahua/municipios/08019a.html, "Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua – ORGULLO DE SER UACH", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para Chihuahua, Chihuahua", "Normales climatológicas para el Estado de Chihuahua", "Klimatafel von Chihuahua, Chihuahua / Mexiko", "Autoriza SCT rutas troncales 2 y 3 del ViveBús para Chihuahua", "Regresa el cobro electrónico para el metrobús, aquí detalles", "Licitan equipo wifi para Internet en estaciones de troncal del MetroBus", "Arranca servicio de DiDi en Chihuahua; busca destronar a Uber", Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes, "Hoy inaugura EPN Centro de Justicia en Chihuahua, el más grande LA", Bibliography of the history of Chihuahua City, List of the sixty-seven municipalities in Chihuahua with their municipal seats (cabecera municipal), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chihuahua_City&oldid=997848662, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with style issues from April 2019, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, State Supreme Tribunal of Justice Building, Singers in English, English and Spanish shows. At the end of January 1915, General Francisco Villa, supreme head of military operations, was incommunicado with the convention government, which had had to withdraw from Mexico City towards Cuernavaca. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. upon the Plaza Hidalgo in the downtown, and catter-cornered from the Plaza Mayor. In January, 2010, Mayor Carlos Borruel submitted his resignation in order to campaign for election to the office of Governor of Chihuahua. At the time of the Reformation it was in fact, for two years, capital of the Republic and seat of the Federal Powers, as the former Government Palace, today Museo Casa Juárez, became from 1864 to 1866, the National Palace and the residence of President Benito Juáre z and their ministers. St Rita of Cascia is the patroness of the city.  The geography of the city is dominated by three hills that appear in the Coat of Arms: Cerro Grande, Cerro Coronel and Santa Rosa, the last of which is fully covered by the city. Afternoon storms are common during the monsoon season and they can be accompanied with hail and thunderstorms. The city offers the service of the touristic "Trolley el Tarahumara" which is a tourist bus that goes around to all the main museums and monuments in the downtown (starting its route at the Plaza de Armas), including parks like the Central Park "El Palomar", a large park that has a collection of sculptures, including one depicting three doves (palomas, hence the park's name) and a monumental flagpole, flying one of the largest flags in the Republic, as well as a statue of one of Chihuahua's favourite sons, actor Anthony Quinn, in his role as 'Zorba the Greek', as well as many others. As ITCH, was one of the Mexican state of Chihuahua, city, only... September 11, 1891, the final project and specifications were entrusted to the.... Villa executed all the acts of a head of state, dispatched to the office of Governor of (. 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